Product Safety And Quality Control System On Import & Export In Turkey

05 Eylül 2018
 
Risk-Based Trade Control System (TAREKS)
 
“Risk-Based Trade Control System (TAREKS)” has been launched at the end of 2010 by the Ministry of Trade to carry out safety and quality checks on export and import goods electronically and on risk basis. Designed to be reached from the web using e-signature, the new control system mainly targets to increase the efficiency of the trade policy, to provide safe and quality products to consumers and firms, rationalize the resource allocation vis-à-vis the control of “risky” products and traders and reduce the waiting periods at the customs.
 
The System encompasses goods of vital importance to consumers like personal protective equipments, toys, batteries and accumulators, construction products, radio and telecommunications terminal equipments, medical devices, machines, lifts, pressure equipments, electrical and electronic equipments, some industrial inputs, raw materials, consumer products etc. which are subject to product safety inspections. It also includes agricultural products inspected by the Ministry for commercial quality.
 
Safety And Quality Control System On Import & Export
 
1) Safety Controls on Import: 
Import control system under the Regime on Technical Regulations and Standardization for Foreign Trade in Turkey has been subject to modifications since 2004 with the aim of harmonization of the European Union (EU) technical legislation.
 
In this regard, the "Decree of Council of Ministers on the Regime on Technical Regulations and Standardization For Foreign Trade” and the legislation published based on the mentioned Decree was reviewed in order to enable the relevant EU legislation to be implemented in Turkey at the import stage. Related Communiqués are listed below;
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/1)
In accordance with the Communiqué on Product Safety and Inspection No. 2019/1  (Official Gazette, d. 30/12/2018 and no. 30641-Repeated), industrial products within the scope of some Turkish Standards, which are at the same time mandated in the domestic market, are subject to inspection by the Turkish Standards Institution (TSE). The inspections are carried out in respect of minimum health, safety and protection of environment, providing adequate information to the consumers.
 
  • Communiqué  of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/3)
This Communiqué includes wastes whose import is controlled (Annex I) or prohibited (Annex II) in accordance with the European Waste Catalogue and the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal.
 
According to this Communiqué, import of wastes whose certificate of analysis, certificate of radiation, proforma invoice etc. are submitted to the Ministry of the Environment and Urbanization previously, are subject to physical control and sample analysis carried out by the Ministry in question. Following the conformity assessment procedure, conformity document which is required to be submitted to the customs authorities during import stage, is issued by the Ministry.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/4)
According to this Communiqué, the import of drugs and psychotropic substances which can be imported only through the permission of Ministry of Health according to relevant international agreements are subject to the control of the Ministry.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/5)
"Communiqué on Inspection of Import of Product that are Subject to Permission from the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (Product Safety and Inspection: No: 2019/5), (Official Gazette d. 30/12/2018 and no. 30641)"
 
The purpose of this Communiqué is to regulate the principles and procedures with regard to the conformity inspection regarding the human health and safety, animal and plant existence in import of the products lay down in Appendices. Certificate of conformity is arranged for all products in all Appendices by Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Physical controls and sample analyses are also carried out by the Ministry.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/6)
Annex I of this Communiqué comprises the hazardous chemicals whose import is prohibited. For the importation of chemical product having the National Tariff Line of 2903.71.00.00.00, which are listed in the Annex I of this Communiqué, the importer shall receive the control certificate issued by the Ministry of the Environment and Urbanization. The documents that are required to get the control certificate are stated in the Communiqué, such as proforma invoice, certificate of analyses, the label of the product etc. The control certificate should be submitted to the customs authorities during the import stage.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/7)
For the importation of some solid fuels, which are listed at the Annex I of this Communiqué, the importer shall receive the conformity document issued subsequent to physical control and sample analysis carried out by the Ministry of the Environment and Urbanization.The documents that are required to get the conformity document are defined in the Communiqué, such as proforma invoice, certificate of analyses etc. The importer shall submit the conformity document to the customs authorities during the import stage.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/8)
The Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. 2019/8 (Official Gazette, d. 30/12/2018 and no. 30641-Repeated) regulates the product safety controls of radio and telecommunication terminal equipment.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/9)
The Communiqué on Product Safety and Inspection No. 2019/9 (Official Gazette, d. 30/12/2018 and no. 30641-Repeated) regulates the product safety controls of  certain products that require CE marking such as machinery, low voltage equipment, electromagnetic compatibility, pressure equipment, simple pressure vessels, transportable pressure equipment, appliances burning fuels, lifts and hot-water boilers. The controls are based on mainly document checks and physical controls, and carried out by the Turkish Standards Institution (TSE) at the import stage. The inspections are carried out with respect of essential requirements which are laid down in the technical regulations regarding these products.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/10)
In accordance with the Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. 2019/10 (Official Gazette, d. 30/12/2018 and no. 30641-Repeated), import controls of toys are implemented as of 12/12/2005, coherent with the EU legislation.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/11)
With the Communiqué Product Safety and Inspection of No. 2019/11 (Official Gazette, d. 30/12/2018 and no. 30641-Repeated), the safety controls for imports of the Personal Protective Equipment are implemented coherent with the EU legislation.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/12)
Communiqué on Product Safety and Inspection No. 2019/12 (Official Gazette, d. 30/12/2018 and no. 30641-Repeated) regulates the import controls of certain consumer products such as pacifiers, baby bottles, baby care products, stationery supplies, mouse pads, imitation jewelry, wrist watches, etc.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/14)
Communiqué on Product Safety and Inspection No. 2019/14, (Official Gazette, d. 30/12/2018 and no. 30641-Repeated) regulates the  import controls of construction products such as cement, iron and steel bars, etc. 
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/15)
The Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. 2019/15 (Official Gazette, d. 30/12/2018 and no. 30641-Repeated), regulates the import controls of batteries and accumulators.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/16)
Communiqué on Product Safety and Inspection No. 2019/16 (Official Gazette, d. 30/12/2018 and no. 30641-Repeated) regulates import controls of medical devices such as in vitro, active implantable medical devices, etc. 
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/17)
According to this Communiqué, the importation of forestry material listed in Annex I, importers should obtain a control certificate issued by the Ministry of the Forestry and Hydraulic Works in coordination with the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock.
 
The importer should submit the control certificate to the custom authorities during the import stage.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/19)
Communiqué on Import Inspection of Tobacco, Tobacco Products, Alcohol and Alcoholic Beverages (Product Safety and Inspection: 2019/19), (Official Gazette, d. 16/02/2018 and no. 30334)"
 
The purpose of this Communiqué is to regulate the principles and procedures with regard to the conformity certification regarding market security and health, documentation, notification and inspection of the products, which are tobacco, tobacco products, alcohol and alcoholic beverages in importation thereof.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/20)
According to this Communiqué, importation of certain goods such as pharmaceutical products, medicines, some chemicals, etc., is subject to the control of Ministry of Health.
 
For the importation of these goods, the importer shall submit some documents such as the proforma invoice or invoice, the health certificate and certificate of analysis etc. to the Ministry of Health before the import stage. The importer should submit the Control Certificate to the custom authorities during the import stage.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/23)
For the importation of scrap metals listed in the Annex I of this Communiqué, the importer shall receive a “metal scrap importer document” issued by the Ministry of the Environment and Urbanization. “Metal scrap importer document” is merely given those firms who are licensed by the Ministry and have scrap melting facilities. According to the Communiqué, import of the metal scraps should be done only in border customs authorities which are installed radiation detection system.
 
On the other side, Annex II of this Communiqué comprises the dangerous scraps whose import is prohibited.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/25)
In accordance with the Communiqué on Product Safety and Inspection No. 2019/25  (Official Gazette, d. 30/12/2018 and no. 30641-Repeated), vehicle parts are subject to inspection by the Turkish Standards Institution (TSE). The inspections are carried out in respect of minimum health, safety and protection requirements.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2012/25)
"Communiqué on Export and Import Inspections of Cotton (Product Safety and Inspection: 2012/25)  (Official Gazette, d. 08/06/2012 and no. 28317)"
 
This Communiqué lays down principles and procedures relating to export, import and internal market controls of cotton.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2012/27)
"Communiqué on Standardization of Cotton (Product Safety and Inspection: 2012/27) (Official Gazette, d. 14/08/2012 and no. 28384)"
 
This Communiqué lays down principles and procedures relating to the infrastructure conditions of factories that are subject to classification and control of cottons, determination of cotton class and types, packaging, marking, sampling and analysis for control processes.
 
 
2) Quality Controls on Export: 
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2019/21)
"Communiqué on Commercial Quality Inspection on Export and Import for Certain Agricultural Products (Product Safety and Inspection: 2019/21)(Official Gazette, d. 30/12/2018 and no. 30641)"
Certain agricultural products are in the scope of products which are mandatory to be up to specific standards with respect to quality compliance with the commercial quality on exportation. This Communiqué lays down principles and procedures relating to risk based inspections of these products with respect to quality compliance with the commercial quality standards at export stage.
 
  • Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2017/22)
"Communiqué on the Classification of the Firms with the Purpose of Risk Based Commercial Quality Controls of Exports (Product Safety and Inspection: 2017/22) (Official Gazette, d.30/12/2016 and no. 29934)"
 
This Communiqué lays down the principles and procedures regarding the classification of firms exporting products subject to commercial quality inspections on exports, specifications on which the classification is to be based, the rights and obligations of the firms for which the classes are determined, to determine how and how often the products on export subject to commercial quality inspection shall be subject to commercial quality inspection.